Download E-books Vodka Politics: Alcohol, Autocracy, and the Secret History of the Russian State PDF

By Mark Lawrence Schrad

Russia is legendary for its vodka, and its tradition of maximum intoxication. yet simply as vodka is significant to the lives of many Russians, it's also vital to knowing Russian background and politics.

In Vodka Politics, Mark Lawrence Schrad argues that debilitating societal alcoholism isn't really hard-wired into Russians' genetic code, yet quite their autocratic political method, which has lengthy wielded vodka as a device of statecraft. via a chain of old investigations stretching from Ivan the poor via Vladimir Putin, Vodka Politics offers the key historical past of the Russian country itself-a heritage that's soaking wet in liquor. Scrutinizing (rather than brushing aside) the position of alcohol in Russian politics yields a extra nuanced figuring out of Russian heritage itself: from palace intrigues less than the tsars to the drunken antics of Soviet and post-Soviet management, vodka is there in abundance.

Beyond shiny anecdotes, Schrad scours unique records and archival facts to reply to provocative historic questions. How have Russia's rulers used alcohol to solidify their autocratic rule? What position did alcohol play in tsarist coups? used to be Nicholas II's ill-fated prohibition a catalyst for the Bolshevik Revolution? might the Soviet Union became an international strength with no liquor? How did vodka politics give a contribution to the cave in of either communism and public wellbeing and fitness within the Nineties? How can the Kremlin triumph over vodka's hurdles to supply better social healthiness, prosperity, and democracy into the future?

Viewing Russian historical past throughout the backside of the vodka bottle is helping us to appreciate why the "liquor query" continues to be very important to Russian excessive politics even today-almost a century after the problem were placed to mattress in so much any other smooth country. certainly, spotting and confronting vodka's devastating political legacies could be the maximum political problem for this new release of Russia's management, in addition to the next.

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Download E-books Amazons of the Avant-Garde: Alexandra Exter, Natalia Goncharova, Liubov Popova, Olga Rozanova, Varvara Stepanova, and Nadezhda Udaltsova PDF

By John E. Bowlt, Matthew Drutt

Art, in addition to numerous essays and translations at the Russian avant-garde, in particular girls within the Soviet avant-garde.

AMAZONS OF THE AVANT-GARDE
Contributions by means of Natalia Adaskina, John E. Bowlt, Charlotte Douglas, Matthew Drutt, Ekaterina Dyogot, Laura Engelstein, Nina Gurianova, Georgii Kovalenko, Alexander Lavrentiev, Olga Matich, Nicoletta Misler, Vasilii Rakitin, Dmitrii Sarabianov, and Jane A. Sharp
Published in 1999
366 pages, totally illustrated

English, German, Italian, Russian, and Spanish versions
Amazons of the Avant-Garde offers paintings through six Russian girls who contributed to the advance of recent artwork within the first zone of the 20 th century: Alexandra Exter, Natalia Goncharova, Liubov Popova, Olga Rozanova, Varvara Stepanova, and Nadezhda Udaltsova. comprises numerous essays that debate the obstacles and affects affecting girls in Russian avant-garde artwork circles. furthermore, every one artist featured within the exhibition is separately mentioned at size, besides biographical timelines and excerpts in their writings from letters and courses. colour reproductions of the works within the exhibition accompany the essays to shape a cohesive representation of the paintings global in Russia throughout the first a long time of the twentieth century and the ladies who replaced the classy canons in their time.

Excerpt
Is Russian artwork background, as visible from the perspective urged by means of the lives and practices of those girls artists, sharply diversified from the male event? no longer very. They participated within the similar ancient exhibitions, sought an identical different types of luck. probably larger weight may be given to their paintings in level layout. Exeter, Goncharova, Popova, and Stepanova are all answerable for striking thoughts within the theater. And cloth layout performs a better function of their inventive profiles that during the male paradigm. jointly, they'd extra adventure in Western Europe that the lads within the flow, even though it is apparent that their maximum possibilities got here at domestic, in the course of global struggle I and the Russian Civil War.
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From Library Journal
This catalog accompanies an upcoming touring exhibition, originating on the Guggenheim Museum in manhattan, that may function six ladies painters of the early 20th-century Russian avant-garde: Alexandra Exter, Natalia Goncharova, Liubov Popova, Olga Rozanova, Varvara Stepanova, and Nadezhda Udaltsova. prepared by way of the curators of the exhibition, the catalog discusses those ladies, their portray, and their paintings in different artwork kinds, together with theater, fabric layout, and writing. The booklet positive aspects biographies of every girl as well as essays that concentrate on the problem of gender within the arts of turn-of-the-century Russia. What effects is a well-documented, well-illustrated ebook with colour plates that features a chronology of every artist and a suite of translated basic records (artists! correspondence, extracts from diaries, and modern exhibition catalogs). A helpful source for the research of girls artists and the avant-garde in Russia; hugely advised for educational libraries and really good artwork collections."Eric Linderman, Ida Rupp P.L., Port Clinton, OH
Copyright 2000 Reed company details, Inc.

From Booklist
No critical overviews of contemporary paintings overlook the Russian avant-garde, however the group's girls artists are not often accorded in-depth research. To redress this imbalance, the Guggenheim Museum formed a touring exhibition approximately six "Amazons" of the move: Alexandra Exter, Natalia Goncharova, Liubov Popova, Olga Rozanova, Varvara Stepanova, and Nadezhda Udaltsova, an immense project handsomely documented by means of Russian paintings professional Bowlt, Guggenheim curator Drutt, and their individuals. Their volume's reproductions, many by no means ahead of released within the West, make it worthy, however the essays, either biographical and topical (analyzing, for example, the prestige of ladies artists in Russia), determine a bright cultural context, whereas writings through the artists convey their voices into the combination. The synergy one of the six is palpable, yet every one took a particular method of bridging the divide among the figurative and the summary. proficient, subtle, and, as Charlotte Douglas writes, "vital and direct, hardworking, aggressive, and uncompromising," the artists additionally spanned the shift from imperial Russia to the Soviet country, an upheaval reflected of their vigorous and looking out creations. Donna Seaman
Copyright © American Library organization. All rights reserved

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Download E-books Conflict in the Former USSR PDF

Because the cave in of the Soviet Union, clash within the former USSR has been a key difficulty in overseas safety. This booklet fills a niche within the literature on violent clash, comparing a sector that comprises all of the smooth elements for instability and aggression. Bringing jointly top specialists on conflict and safety, the ebook addresses present debates in diplomacy approximately strength, pursuits, globalisation, and the politics of id as significant drivers of up to date conflict. Incidents akin to the 2008 Russo-Georgian clash, the wars in Chechnya, and Russia's struggles over nationwide identification and assets with the Ukraine and Moldova over the Crimea and the Trans-Dneister are all completely tested. With new matters like strength protection, terrorism and transnational crime, and older tensions among East and West threatening to deepen once again, this can be a major contribution to the foreign protection literature.

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Download E-books Archipelag GU?ag: 1918-1956 PDF

By Aleksander So??enicyn

Archipelag GUŁAG: 1918-1956, próba dochodzenia literackiego (Архипелаг ГУЛАГ) – najważniejsze, trzytomowe dzieło Aleksandra Sołżenicyna, napisane w formie relacji historycznej, powstałe w latach 1958-1968. Na Zachodzie wydano je po raz pierwszy w 1973, zaś w Związku Radzieckim oficjalnie w 1989 (wcześniej funkcjonowało w obiegu podziemnym).

Jest ono wymownym świadectwem zbrodniczej działalności systemu komunistycznego w ZSRR. Autor, wykorzystując swoje doświadczenia, pokazał rozwój i rozprzestrzenianie się systemu więziennictwa radzieckiego, którego celem pierwotnym miała być "eliminacja wrogich klas społecznych". W konsekwencji powstał cały "archipelag" obozów koncentracyjnych i obozów morderczej pracy, nazwany od instytucji zarządzającej (Gławnoje Uprawlenije Łagierej) Archipelagiem GUŁag. Dzieło jest świadectwem stopniowego odzierania człowieka z jego godności i zmuszania do niewolniczej pracy pod bardzo wzniosłymi hasłami.

Na Zachodzie książka ta wywołała ogromne poruszenie, które doprowadziło do rozwiania iluzji na temat systemu komunistycznego oraz osłabienia wpływów komunistów zachodnioeuropejskich.

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Download E-books Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin PDF

By Fiona Hill, Clifford G. Gaddy

From the KGB to the Kremlin: a multidimensional portrait of the fellow at warfare with the West. the place do Vladimir Putin’s principles come from? How does he examine the surface global? What does he wish, and the way some distance is he prepared to head? the nice lesson of the outbreak of worldwide warfare I in 1914 was once the risk of misreading the statements, activities, and intentions of the adversary. at the present time, Vladimir Putin has turn into the best problem to ecu safety and the worldwide international order in a long time. Russia’s 8,000 nuclear guns underscore the massive dangers of no longer realizing who Putin is. that includes 5 new chapters, this new version dispels very likely risky misconceptions approximately Putin and gives a clear-eyed examine his ambitions. It offers Putin as a mirrored image of deeply ingrained Russian methods of considering in addition to his particular own historical past and experience.

Praise for the 1st edition

If you must start to comprehend Russia this day, learn this book.
—Sir John Scarlett, former leader of the British mystery Intelligence provider (MI6)

For someone wishing to appreciate Russia’s evolution because the breakup of the Soviet Union and its trajectory because then, the booklet you carry in your hand is an important guide.—John McLaughlin, former deputy director of U.S. principal Intelligence

Of the numerous biographies of Vladimir Putin that experience seemed lately, this one is the main useful.
—Foreign Affairs

This is not only one other Putin biography. it's a mental portrait.
—The monetary Times

Q: Do you will have time to learn books? if this is the case, which of them may you suggest?
"My goodness, let’s see. There’s Mr. Putin, through Fiona Hill and Clifford Gaddy. Insightful."
—Vice President Joseph Biden in Joe Biden: The Rolling Stone Interview.

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Download E-books Modernising Lenin's Russia: Economic Reconstruction, Foreign Trade and the Railways (Cambridge Russian, Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies) PDF

By Anthony Heywood

During this booklet Anthony Heywood reassesses Bolshevik attitudes towards fiscal modernization and international fiscal family throughout the early Soviet interval. in line with hitherto unused Russian and Western records, the booklet examines a rare selection made in March 1920 to import substantial amounts of railway gear with the intention to in attaining speedy financial modernization. this can be the 1st designated case learn of the government's import coverage, and gives readers with a brand new standpoint on Soviet financial improvement, revealing the size of Bolshevik company dealings with the capitalist West instantly after the Revolution.

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Download E-books Encyclopedia of Russia PDF

Russian Political, financial, and safety matters in three vol. set

This publication provides vital learn on Russia. subject matters mentioned herein contain the hot begin Treaty; Russia's accession to the WTO; everlasting common exchange relatives; human rights practices; nutrition and agricultural import rules and criteria; nuclear hands keep watch over; WTO enforcement activities; army gear and expertise revenues; politics and economics less than Putin; and Russia's homegrown insurgency.

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Download E-books Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands: The Politics of National Identities PDF

The emergence in 1991 of the fourteen borderland post-Soviet states has been observed by way of the reforging in their nationwide identities. Such makes an attempt to reconsider or reimagine the country have had a huge effect in reshaping the political, cultural and social lives of either nationwide and ethnic minority teams alike. This publication analyzes those nationwide identities and explores their outcomes for the borderland states, with substantial stories drawn from the Baltic states, Ukraine and Belarus, Transcaucasia and significant Asia.

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Download E-books A Dirty War PDF

By Anna Politkovskaya

The Chechen conflict was once imagined to be over in 1996 after the 1st Yeltsin crusade, yet in the summertime of 1999, the recent Putin govt made up our minds, of their personal phrases, to 'do the activity properly'. earlier than all of the our bodies of these who had died within the first crusade were positioned or pointed out, many extra hundreds of thousands will be slaughtered in one other around of fighting.

The first account to be written via a Russian girl, a filthy battle is an edgy and severe examine of a clash that exhibits no signal of being resolved. Exasperated via the Russian government's try to manage media insurance of the warfare, journalist Anna Politkovskaya undertook to visit Chechnya, to make normal stories and continue occasions within the public eye.

In a chain of despatches from July 1999 to January 2001 she vividly describes the atrocities and abuses of conflict, even if it's the corruption endemic in post-Communist Russia, specifically the govt and the army, or the spurious arguments and abominable behaviour of the Chechen experts. In those brave studies, Politkovskaya excoriates male stupidity and brutality on either side of the clash and interviews the civilians whose houses and groups were laid waste, leaving them nowhere to reside, and not anything and nobody to think in.

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Download E-books Peter the Great PDF

By Derek Wilson

There hasn't ever been a extra impressive nationwide chief in glossy background than Peter the nice (1672–1725). He was once a massive in each means. In actual stature, determination, enthusiasm, strength, libertinism, and refusal to simply accept outdated conventions, he stood head and shoulders above his contemporaries. He grew up in an environment of worry, suspicion, and courtroom rivalries that frequently assumed violent kinds. He in basic terms received strength, on the age of seventeen, by means of ousting his part sister, Sophia, and closing her up in a nunnery. As a manufactured from the approach, Peter was once, of necessity, ruthless and tyrannical, in my view conducting the execution of defeated rebels or even effecting the dying of his personal son.

But there his identity with Russia’s earlier ends. For what has earned Peter his position in background is his tearing his kingdom, kicking and screaming, from its conventional, oriental customs and ideology and integrating it into the lifetime of Europe. He got rid of the privileges of the medieval aristocracy, introduced the church lower than nation keep an eye on, and rejected the previous Russian calendar in want of the relationship method utilized in Europe. He even ordered his courtiers and officers to shave their conventional beards and undertake Western costume codes. He avidly studied the newest clinical and technological advances and hired them to construct a latest military and to create from scratch a Russian army. those instruments he used to devastating impression by way of destroying the Swedish Empire and making Russia (with its brand-new capital, St. Petersburg) grasp of the Baltic.

European leaders didn't understand what to make of this eccentric, unsophisticated tsar who loathed pomp and rite, served as a junior officer in his personal military, and indulged in rowdy, boorish habit. but, by way of the top of his impressive reign, this guy, who had made a servant woman his personal spouse and empress, had married contributors of his relatives into the royal homes of Europe. due to Peter the nice, Russia was once profoundly replaced. So was once Europe.

Derek Wilson tells his awesome tale with a verve and atmospheric element that emphasizes vividly the effect this one synthetic not just in Russia, yet within the wider international. Peter the nice created a brand new Europe during which, for stable or in poor health, Russia used to be to play a very important half. His contemporaries have been obliged to return to phrases with him. And this present day, it truly is maybe even extra very important for us to appreciate the old context and the pivotal function Peter performed within the construction of an entire new order.

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